Vol.8 No.1 (2013)

The use of desalinated-dried jellyfish and rice bran for controlling weeds and rice yield

Hossain, S.T.1, Sugimoto, H.*2, Asagi, N.3, Araki, T.2, Ueno, H.2, Morokuma, M.4 & Kato, H.4

To achieve higher rice production, rice-growing countries have used great amounts of synthetic chemical compounds (chemical fertilizers and pesticides) that can have adverse effects on the environment and humans. Organic products and organic farming technologies are friendlier to the environment and more conducive to sustainable agriculture but require different inputs, knowledge and skills. Weed control is one of the major challenges in organic rice cultivation. The present study proposes and tests the use of desalinated-dried jellyfish chips in the development of sustainable rice production. Vast amounts of jellyfishes have been found in the Sea of Japan (Nomura's jellyfish, Nemopilema nomurai Kishinouye) and Japan inland sea areas (Water jelly, Aurelia aurita (Linne)), and jellyfish populationc can have a negative impact on the fishery industry. In this context, the use of jellyfish in organic agriculture has attracted attention. The present study found that the application of desalinated-dried jellyfish (small pieces of jellyfish which are desalinated and dried) mixed in soil before transplanting can effectively control weeds in rice fields and has a nutrient effect because of the high nitrogen content (12-13%). Desalinated-dried jellyfish has potential as an agricultural material that replaces herbicides and chemical fertilizers. It also contributes to environment-friendly rice production. It was found that both desalinated-dried jellyfish and rice bran effectively controlled rice weeds when mixed in the soil before the transplanting.The grain yields of desalinated-dried jellyfish treatments were consistently higher than the corresponding rice bran treatments. The rice yield from the desalinated-dried jellyfish treatments were comparable to the chemical fertilizer treatment..

Key words: desalination, jellyfish chip, organic rice, rice bran, weed control and yield, organic agriculture, organic farming, Japan.


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Author Contact

1 Friends In Village Development Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh

2 Faculty of Agriculture, Ehime University, Matsuyama, Ehime, Japan

3 Faculty of Agriculture, Ibaraki University, Ibaraki, Japan

4 Faculty of Agriculture, Kagawa University, Kita-gun, Sanuki, Kagawa, Japan

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